World's Famous Pyramids

      Some archaeologists believe that there are about 118 pyramids spread all over the Egypt. But among them there are six which are really huge and magnificent. Most popular are those located in Giza, in Saqqara, Meidum and Abusir. However, the rest are still can tell volumes and get admired the ones who can comprehend their appearance.
      The Chaba Pyramid, or the Layer Pyramid, is located in Zawyet el Aryan. The pharaoh who erected that pyramid was Chaba - penultimate pharaoh of the Third Dynasty. The pyramids constructed within his reign are bigger than the ones of Sehemhet - the third pharaoh of the First Dynasty - and are still well conserved in comparison with those from their ancestry. It is interesting to note that most of edifices were constructed under supervision of one and the same person - Imhotep - a great architect, engineer and physician.
      The other pyramids were constructed under command of Djoser, or Zoser, the first (or in some resources the second) pharaoh of the Third Dynasty. A peculiar feature is in the way of its construction - it looks as if the whole pyramid constitutes several mastabah laid one on the other. That way this pyramid resembles stepped type of edifice. Again that sort of lying was introduced by Imhotep whose personality was greatly appraised by ancient Egyptians, he was worshiped and believed of divine nature as a son of Ptah. Perhaps this might make sense since the pyramids of his time are greatly differ from all the other ones in the way of more sophisticated means of construction. The Djoser Pyramid is in Saqqara, north-east from Ancient Memphis and fifteen kilometres far from Giza Plateau. Its height is sixty-two meters. Nowadays that pyramids is among most visited ones due to its labyrinths which are of great interest and miracle for many archaeologists, egyptologists and common tourists. Broken Pyramid is the one in Dahschur. Scientists attribute it's erection to the time of reign of Snofru - XXVI B.C. who was the Founder of the Fourth Dynasty. The odd construction gave birth in many theories of its form. Some egyptologits believe that the pharaoh died before the pyramid had been finished thus it had to be completed earlier than expected. That way the angle of its tip was roughly changed in order to complete the construction for the burial. Others think that this form of its top was designed accordingly to prevent collapse of the construction and make it more robust and tolerant to earth shocks. Approximately that time the pyramid in Meidum was damaged by the shocks and heavy rains, perhaps that was a true reason why the Broken Pyramid gained its form of altered angle.
      Snofru also constructed the Pink Pyramid in the north of Dahshur. By the time of its construction - XXVI B.C. - it was the biggest edifice on the planet. However, nowadays we can compare height of other pyramids constructed later and find out that there are only two pyramids which exceed the Pink one in height - Khufu and Khafra - both in Giza Plateau. The Pink Pyramid was the first royal vault of ideal height-to-width aspect ratio. The pyramid is called Pink due to its limestone blocks which attain pinkish hue in the Sun. Scientists attribute this pyramid to Snofru only because of his name inscribed on the outer blocks of the edifice.